The Commonwealth of Massachusetts does not require a Bill of sale form for vehicle transactions if a title is available. But if the vehicle transaction involves a car that is exempt from titling, a Bill of Sale (along with the previous registration) must be presented in order for the new owner to register the vehicle.
A Bill of Sale is a document created by a buyer and a seller as a means of documenting the sale of a motor vehicle.
To be a legal document, the Bill of Sale must contain the following information:
– The buyer’s name, address, and signature.
– The seller’s name, address, and signature.
– Model, make, model year, and Vehicle Identification Number of the vehicle.
– Date of purchase.
– Purchase price.
– Odometer reading.
In the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, a Bill of Sale does not need to be notarized.
To obtain a Title for a used vehicle purchased from a non-dealer, the following are required:
1. A completed and signed Registration and Title Application – the old RMV-1 Form. If the vehicle is going to be registered, the Registration and Title Application Form must be stamped by the insurance company.
Checklist for a vehicle purchased from an individual.
2. One of the following documents must be submitted along with the completed Registration and Title Application or the old RMV-1 Form:
– The previous owner’s Certificate of Title or
– The previous registration and a Bill of Sale, if no Title is required for the vehicle because of its age. In Massachusetts, a 1980 model year or older passenger vehicle purchased by the current owner prior to November 26, 1990 would be exempt from titling. Other states may exempt vehicles from their titling requirements based on the model year of the vehicle. If a Bill of Sale is being submitted, the document must list all required information. Additional documentation is required for imported foreign/grey market vehicles and specialty vehicles.
3. Certificate of Title fee, due at time of submission of the Registration and Title Application.
When a customer sells a motor vehicle in a private transaction, he/she must write the following on the Assignment of Title section provided on the back of the Certificate of Title:
– Date of sale.
– Purchase price.
– Name, address, and signature of the buyer(s).
– Name, address, and signature of the seller(s).
– Odometer reading.
Note: If the Title does not have a sales price section or if the vehicle was exempt from title, then the customer must complete a Bill of Sale.
See the Title Fees section for the applicable fee.
Transferring Salvage Vehicles for Individuals
The owner of a Total Loss Salvage motor vehicle must disclose to the buyer or transferee that the vehicle has a Salvage Title.
The owner of a Total Loss Salvage motor vehicle for which a Salvage Title has been issued must sign the Title over to the new owner on the space provided on the Title and deliver the Title to the new owner. The new owner must apply for a new Salvage Title within ten days of delivery.
If an owner wishes to sell a salvaged vehicle that he/she has repaired, he/she must take it through the salvage inspection process and apply for a Reconstructed or a Recovered Theft Title, whichever applies. If the vehicle has not been repaired, the owner should advise the buyer that the inspection and Title process is required before the vehicle can be registered to drive.
For more information go to Massachusetts Department of Transportation – Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles
The Registry of Motor Vehicles Division is responsible for operator licensing and vehicle registrations. Transactions may be processed online (if applicable) or at any of the RMV branch offices across the Commonwealth. The RMV also oversees commercial and non-commercial vehicle inspection stations. Its mission is to deliver excellent customer service to people who travel in the Commonwealth, and to provide our nation’s safest and most reliable transportation system in a way that strengthens our economy and quality of life. The Massachusetts Department of Transportation is an organization focused on customer service and safety.