In the State of Nevada the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) requires you to complete a Bill of Sale Form when buying or selling a vehicle. Nevada law requires you to keep your plates and either use them on another vehicle or turn them in for cancellation within 30 days of the sale. See Plate Surrender/Registration procedure below.
Sellers of a vehicle should:
– Provide a proper title to the buyer.
– Use the My DMV Registration Cancellation & Vehicle Resale Notification to notify the DMV and receive the registration fee credit
– Keep the license plates, to transfer them to another vehicle or surrender them.
– If the vehicle is registered to a family trust, the seller must complete a Trustee Appointment and Powers Affidavit (VP 188).
– Complete and keep a Nevada Bill of Sale Form (VP 104) as a record of the sale.
If you wish to transfer the plates to the buyer, for example a classic car, you may complete a License Plate Release (SP 67). Please note that registration fee credits will not transfer to the buyer.
If you have left the plates on a vehicle you sold, you may complete a Lost, Stolen or Mutilated License Plate Affidavit (VP 202). This must be notarized or signed in person at the DMV.
You must provide a properly signed-off title to the buyer in private party sales, family sales or gifts. Any loan or other lien must be satisfied first.
If the title says ‘person 1’ AND ‘person 2’, both parties must sign it. If the title says ‘person 1’ OR ‘person 2’, either party can sign without the other.
If you do not have a title, you (or the owner of record) will have to apply for a duplicate from the state where the vehicle was last titled.
The only exception is if the vehicle was
1) last titled in Nevada;
2) is more than 9 model years old and
3) has no liens or the owner of record has a lien release, the buyer and owner of record can then complete:
1) an Application for Duplicate Title (VP 012) and
2) a Bill of Sale to transfer ownership. If the vehicle is a 9 years old or newer model, you must obtain an actual title to comply with federal odometer disclosure laws.
The buyer is responsible for emission inspections in Nevada and for obtaining insurance and a movement permit to legally drive the vehicle on public streets.
The Bill of Sale and Online Sale Notification are your proof that you sold the vehicle. This is particularly important in case the vehicle is abandoned at a later date. If you complete the online notification, the new owner’s information you enter will be provided to wreckers and tow car operators in the event the vehicle is abandoned. NRS 706.4477 states it is presumed the registered owner of a vehicle is solely responsible for the cost of removal and storage for the vehicle if abandoned.
If you are buying a vehicle from a private party or receiving a vehicle as a gift, you must have a properly signed-off title to register the vehicle and transfer ownership. A Bill of Sale by itself is not acceptable. If the seller does not have a title, the owner of record will have to apply for a duplicate from the state where the vehicle was last titled.
If the seller has a loan or lease on the vehicle, this must be satisfied and the lien holder or lessor must deliver the title before the vehicle can be sold. This can be a lengthy process if the title has been misplaced or is being held by an out-of-state lender or lessor. Subleasing and “take over payments” arrangements are illegal.
If there is a private arrangement for payments or the seller wishes to retain an interest in the vehicle for any reason, the seller may become a lien holder on the vehicle by completing the lien holder section of the title.
If the buyer is obtaining outside financing, most financial institutions will require the title. The institution will submit the title to DMV, become a lien holder and receive the new title. In this case, the security agreement from a licensed financial institution can take the place of a title for registration.
For a history checks you can use the Vehicle Identification Number to query VIN checking services.
The buyer must obtain insurance and a movement permit to drive the vehicle on public streets. Present the signed-off title or other proof of ownership at a DMV office for a movement permit.
The buyer must register the vehicle at a DMV office within 30 days. If the vehicle has never been registered or titled in Nevada, you must have a VIN inspection completed at the DMV. At larger offices, drive to the Inspection Station outside the main office first. You may also have a law enforcement officer complete the Vehicle Inspection Certificate (VP 015).
You must have the following documents to register and title the vehicle:
– Title, or a security agreement from a financial institution;
– Nevada Evidence of Insurance Card;
– Nevada Emission Vehicle Inspection Report if required;
– Vehicle Identification Number Inspection if required
– Application for Vehicle Registration (VP 222)
For more information go to Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles.
For the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles its mission and vision is to modernize and reinvent DMV services through technology, innovation, customer service and training while guarding against fraud and protecting the driving public through licensing and intervention practices while ensuring privacy protection of DMV records.